Taizong and Shizu’s Pacification of the Khalkha Group in the Mobei Area during the Qing Dynasty
【Abstract in Chinese】 清太宗和世祖为使漠北喀尔喀部臣服,采取了一系列的招抚策略及措施:如以军事征伐相威胁、阻止其与内地贸易、收留其逃人、分化其与卫拉特的同盟关系、邀请五世达赖喇嘛朝觐等,最终迫使喀尔喀附属于清朝,确立了朝贡贸易关系。而喀尔喀对内地的经济依赖则是喀尔喀归附清朝的最主要原因。
【Abstract】 In order to make the Khalkha group in the Mobei area submit to the Qing dynasty,Taizong and Shizu of the Qing adopted a series of strategies and measures including the threat of a military campaign,preventing them from trading with the inner provinces,taking in their fugitives,driving a wedge into their alliance with the Oirat,inviting the Fifth Dalai Lama on a pilgrimage.This eventually forced the Khalkha to acknowledge their tributary status and establish a tribute trade relationship with the Qing.Among all these factors,the most important reason for the Khalkha’s submission was their economic dependence on the hinterland provinces.
- 【Source】 历史研究 ,Historical Research , Editorial E-mail ,2011(02)
- 【CLC code】K249