Structure for Common Offenses of Sexual Harassment Academe: Academic Authority, Organizational Environment and Gender-based Discrimination: Chinese Examples
【Abstract in Chinese】 文章从国内数个案例出发,分析学术性骚扰的特点以及导致其发生与持续的结构性因素。文章主张,学术性骚扰的双方,在相互权力关系方面有着与职场性骚扰不一样的特点。正是学生,尤其是研究生在学业、生活、经济来源和职业生涯等方面对教授评判权力的严重依赖,教师对个人权力的策略性运用,师生之间社会经验和性经验的差距,导致学生难以反抗和举报性骚扰。而组织环境中学术权力过于集中、师生关系缺乏制度制约、学术机构中无所不在的性别歧视的文化氛围,是性骚扰被忽略、被合理化、被容忍而免于实质性惩处的根本原因。
【Abstract】 This paper identifies the characteristics of sexual harassment in academe and structural factors contributing to its rise and continuity based on individual cases in Mainland China. It argues that both parties in sexual harassment in academe are in a power relationship that is different from that in other workplace. Students, especially graduate students rely on their professors’ evaluation not only in their studies, living, income, but also future career. Professors may use their power tactically taking advantage of their superior experience in society and sex and their inexperienced students who find it difficult to resist and report. In academia, academic authority is too concentrated in the organizational environment. There lack rules to regulate professor and students relationships. The existence of gender-based discrimination in academic institutions is the root cause of sexual harassment that is overlooked, rationalized, tolerated and exempted from punishment.
- 【Source】 妇女研究论丛 ,Collection of Women’s Studies , Editorial E-mail ,2014(06)
- 【CLC code】D669.68