咸海悲剧的影响以及乌兹别克斯坦在消除其后果和促进区域合作方面的作用
The Impact of the Tragedy of the Aral Sea and the Role of Uzbekistan in Eliminating Its Consequences and Promoting Regional Cooperation

One of the largest in the recent history of global environmental disasters experienced by Central Asian countries is the tragedy of the Aral Sea,which in its environmental,climatic,socio-economic and humanitarian consequences posed a direct threat to the region’s sustainable development,population’s health,gene pool and future generation.Moreover,its negative impacts could influence many other countries indirectly.The Aral catastrophe is convincing proof of the mutual influence of environmental problems and strategic security.The thesis reveals the environmental problems that have arisen as a result of the drying out of the Aral Sea,and measures to prevent this global environmental tragedy,undertaken by the leadership of Uzbekistan.The problem can be referred as a clear example of tragedy of commons theory.Hence,main ways to solve the problem are to improve regional cooperation with neighbouring countries,implementing adaptive management of water resources,and expand international cooperation.Moreover,it is intended to propose appropriate implications and valuable suggestions in water resource management which might be useful for other regions facing similar problems nowadays.Having appropriate institutional mechanisms and applying the principles of integrated water resources management are essential elements of transboundary cooperation on adaptation to climate change.

One of the largest in the recent history of global environmental disasters experienced by Central Asian countries is the tragedy of the Aral Sea,which in its environmental,climatic,socio-economic and humanitarian consequences posed a direct threat to the region’s sustainable development,population’s health,gene pool and future generation.Moreover,its negative impacts could influence many other countries indirectly.The Aral catastrophe is convincing proof of the mutual influence of environmental problems and strategic security.The thesis reveals the environmental problems that have arisen as a result of the drying out of the Aral Sea,and measures to prevent this global environmental tragedy,undertaken by the leadership of Uzbekistan.The problem can be referred as a clear example of tragedy of commons theory.Hence,main ways to solve the problem are to improve regional cooperation with neighbouring countries,implementing adaptive management of water resources,and expand international cooperation.Moreover,it is intended to propose appropriate implications and valuable suggestions in water resource management which might be useful for other regions facing similar problems nowadays.Having appropriate institutional mechanisms and applying the principles of integrated water resources management are essential elements of transboundary cooperation on adaptation to climate change.

Aral Sea; Uzbekistan; Amu Darya; Syr Darya; IFAS; irrigation policy; former Soviet Union; regional cooperation;

Zhang Weiwen;

D815

52676807K